Grow Your Own Beans – A Comprehensive Guide to Different Bean Varieties

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Beans are a versatile and delicious addition to any garden, and they come in a variety of different types. They are easy to grow and highly nutritious, making them a great option for any gardener. From classic green beans to more exotic varieties like soy and adzuki, there are numerous types of beans to choose from. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore how to grow different types of bean varieties in your backyard.

Types of Beans

Before you start growing beans, it’s important to understand the different types of beans available. Here are the most popular types of beans to consider growing:

Green Beans

Green beans, also known as snap or string beans, are one of the most popular bean varieties to grow in a garden. These tender and crisp beans come in both bush and pole varieties. Bush beans grow as low, compact bushes, making them an excellent choice for small gardens or containers. Pole beans, on the other hand, are climbers and require support to grow upwards.

Lima Beans

Lima beans, sometimes called butter beans, are a tasty and nutritious choice for your garden. They come in both pole and bush varieties, with the pole varieties requiring support to grow. Lima beans are a warm-season crop and grow best in warm temperatures.

Pinto Beans

Pinto beans are a staple in Mexican cuisine. These beige and speckled beans are a bit smaller than kidney beans and have a creamy texture. They grow well in warm weather and mature in approximately 90-100 days.

Kidney Beans

Kidney beans are a type of dry bean that is popular in chili and other savory dishes. They are easy to grow and mature in about 90-120 days. Kidney beans grow best in warm weather and are drought resistant once established.


Soybeans are a versatile addition to any garden. They are an important source of protein and oil, and they also enrich the soil with nitrogen. Soybeans grow best in warm soil and take approximately 80-120 days to mature.

Adzuki Beans

Adzuki beans are small and red, and they have a slightly sweet flavor. They are popular in Asian cuisine and grow best in warm weather. Adzuki beans require well-draining soil and take about 70-120 days to mature.

How to Grow Beans

Growing beans is relatively easy, and they are a great option for beginner gardeners. Here are the steps to follow in order to ensure a successful bean harvest:

Choose the Right Location

Beans thrive in well-drained soil and full sun. They also need plenty of space to grow, so make sure that you have enough room in your garden for the type of beans you want to grow.

Prepare the Soil

Enrich the soil with organic matter, like compost or manure, to help improve drainage and provide nutrients for your beans. Add a balanced fertilizer before planting if needed.


Plant your beans after the last frost date in your area. Seeds should be planted 1-2 inches deep and spaced according to the planting instructions on the seed packet. Support pole beans with stakes or trellises as they grow.

Watering and Maintenance

Water your beans regularly, making sure to keep the soil moist but not waterlogged. Mulch around the base of the plants to help retain moisture and reduce weed growth.


Beans are ready to be harvested when they are mature and have reached their full size. For green beans, look for pods that are crisp and tender. For dry beans, pods should be left on the plant to dry until the beans inside are firm and hard.

Concluding Thoughts

Growing beans is an easy and rewarding addition to any garden. With so many bean varieties to choose from, there’s a type of bean for every taste and culinary need. By following the steps outlined above, you can grow your own beans and enjoy fresh, delicious, and nutritious produce straight from your backyard.


What’s the best way to cook beans?

There are many ways to cook beans, from boiling to roasting. However, the most popular method is to soak them first overnight to reduce cooking time and improve digestibility. After soaking, cook them in salted water until tender.

Are beans easy to grow?

Yes, beans are easy to grow. They are quick to germinate and require minimal maintenance. As long as they are planted in full sun and well-drained soil, they should grow without any issues.

How can I tell when my beans are ready to be harvested?

For green beans, look for pods that are crisp and tender. For dry beans, pods should be left on the plant to dry until the beans inside are firm and hard to the touch.

Can beans be grown in containers?

Yes, beans can be grown in containers as long as the containers are large enough to accommodate the plants. Bush beans are the best choice for container gardening, and pole beans will need support to grow upwards.


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