Mangoes are not only delicious but also offer health benefits such as anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. If you love these tropical fruits and want to grow your mango tree from the seed, you’re in the right place. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced gardener, this guide will provide you with the necessary steps to grow mango tree from seed successfully.
Collect Mango Seeds
Before planting a mango seed, you must ensure you have healthy, ripe fruit and know the best way to extract the seed. Follow these steps:
- Pick a ripe mango from a tree.
- Carefully cut around the fruit’s seed, which is ovoid in shape and has a pale color.
- Gently remove the seed from the fruit’s flesh.
Remember that you can’t use seeds from supermarket mangoes since they’re often irradiated to extend the fruit’s shelf life, making them unlikely to germinate.
Prepare the Seed for Germination
After extracting the seed, you’ll need to clean it and prepare it for planting. Follow these steps:
- Wash the seed without removing the membrane that covers it. Then, pat it dry.
- Remove the seed’s husk using a sharp knife. Be careful not to damage the seed embryo, which is the small part located in the center.
- Soak the seed in water overnight to hasten germination. Change the water every few hours.
Planting the Seed
After soaking, it’s time to put the seed into a pot and watch it grow.
- Get a pot with at least six inches deep and fill it with well-draining soil, leaving about an inch from the top.
- Plant the seed about an inch deep into the soil, with the pointed end down and the chubby end up.
- Water the seed gently.
- Place the pot in a warm, sunny spot where the temperature ranges between 70°F and 85°F.
- Water the seed again whenever the soil is dry.
Caring for the Growing Mango Tree
As the mango tree grows, it will need proper care to increase the chances of becoming a healthy plant.
- Make sure the seedlings get plenty of light, but avoid direct sunlight as it can burn the leaves.
- Water the plants regularly but make sure you’re not over-watering them since mango trees can’t tolerate water-logged soil.
- Fertilize the plant with ¼ strength fertilizers once they develop leaves.
- Transplant the seedlings into a larger pot when the plant reaches 6-8 inches tall.
Concluding Thoughts on Grow Mango Tree from Seed
Growing mango trees from seed takes time, patience, and care, but the result is worth it. By following these steps, you can enjoy the beautiful foliage and sweet fruits of your mango tree.
FAQs about Grow Mango Tree from Seed
1. When is the best time to germinate a mango seed?
The best time to germinate a mango seed is during the warm months of the year, such as spring and summer, when the temperature ranges between 70°F and 85°F.
2. Can mango trees grow in cold temperatures?
Mango trees thrive in warm climates and can’t tolerate cold temperatures below 40°F. They grow best in USDA hardiness zone 10 and 11.
3. Can you grow mango trees indoors?
Mango trees can grow indoors if they receive adequate sunlight, water, and care. However, they need enough space since they can grow up to 100 feet tall.
4. How long does it take for a mango seed to germinate?
A mango seed can take up to three weeks to germinate, depending on the temperature and moisture level.
5. How many mangoes can a tree produce?
A mature mango tree can produce hundreds of fruits in a season, depending on the cultivated variety and growing conditions.
In conclusion, growing mango trees from seeds is a rewarding experience that allows you to enjoy the delicious fruit and beautiful plant. With the right preparation, planting, and care, you can grow mango tree from seed and watch it thrive in your garden.